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Smith Brothers' Chronological History of Crater Lake National Park




Wizard Island






For the first time in seven years, rangers conduct winter lake research by conducting water quality research from their base station on Wizard Island. The Park had stopped the winter sampling excursions in 1990 because the research boat was no longer safe, but they now have a new boat.


September 24

An Aerospatiale AS 350 helicopter from Seattle, (heading for Las Vegas) crashes and sinks in 1,500 feet of water between Wizard Island and the Lodge. Several dozen Park visitors watched while the helicopter skimmed over the smooth surface of the Lake and then suddenly plunged into the deep water. Speculation is that the pilot, George W. Causey, 52, of Enumclaw, WA, became confused by the near perfect reflection as he flew toward the Lake reflection thinking it was the sky. There was no indication of engine problems. Killed, along with the pilot. was passenger Edward O. Tulleners of West Linn, on his 45th birthday. The helicopter was a seven passenger Eurocopter, built by the World’s largest manufacturer of civil helicopters. Little was recovered except for some shreds of the rotors and a seat cushion. In June, 1996, Park Superintendent Al Hendricks was quoted as saying, “The technology is there to proceed with recover. What we are struggling with is whether it’s worth it. Both families decided the bottom of Crater Lake would be a pretty good place (for the crash victims) to spend eternity.”




January 18

A team of scientists fly on to Wizard Island to continue research on the quality of winter water in the Lake. They will take readings on the clarity of the Lake water, temperature layers in the water and the mixing between layers. This is the fifth winter expedition to Wizard Island.

July 27

A woman falls 700 to her death at Discovery Point at 3:20 p.m. The only eyewitness, besides her three children (Jeremy, 16; John, 7; and Brittany, 5) was former ranger, Bruce Black, who saw the fall from Wizard Island. Bruce resides at 850 N.W. Antelope Place, Corvallis 97330. The body of Della Marie Zielinski, 33, of Mead, Washington was recovered the next day. The Zielinski family had walked out beyond the warning signs to a narrow, rocky, spine-like ridge to gain a better view of Wizard Island. The mother was holding the youngest child when she lost her footing. The woman tossed the youngster to her teenager as she fell to her death.





Five Lake researchers spend five days on Wizard Island studying the Lake. The biggest surprise was to learn that fish spawn in January.

July 12

A boat load of Park visitors is stranded on Wizard Island due to high winds and 7 foot waves. The group reaches the top of the Cleetwood Trail around midnight. Rangers used a small tractor and trailer to pull four people up the trail. One woman had twisted her ankle, one person was nauseous, and two others complained of fatigue.

August 2

An Aerospatiale Super Puma helicopter lowers a one-man submarine to the boat dock on Wizard Island. NPS fish biologist, Mark Buktenica was quoted as saying, “ This is a fantastic opportunity...a once-in-a-lifetime chance.” Deep Rover, weighing 7,200 pounds will spend the next three weeks exploring the depths of Crater Lake looking geothermal vents, among other things. The three week summer research project will cost $225,000.The sub has a top speed of 1.5 knots.

Following several dives, Jack Dymond and Robert Collier, both oceanographers from Oregon State, describe the bottom of Crater Lake as being a moonscape of underwater cliffs from 50 to 150 feet tall, scattered rocks, mineral deposits and fields of sediment. Dymond was quoted as saying, “I found it an extraordinary experience I have ever had.” At 1,200 feet the scientists could turn off the Deep Rover’s battery powered lights, look up, and still see blue light filtering through the surface. “That is quite an incredible depth for light to penetrate,” Collier said. “It is one of the more amazing things to me.”


Park Biologist, Mark Buktenica describes the feeling of diving into the World’s deepest lake: “I was sitting alone in Crater Lake, 600 feet underwater in a small submarine name Deep Rover. I had just completed collecting rock samples along an underwater edge of Wizard Island, and I had 135 pounds of rocks in a basket attached to the front of the submarine. Unknown to me at the time, a couple of O-ring seals were leaking throughout the dive. Water seeping through the seals into the submarine, combined with condensation from my breathing, created an uncomfortable amount of water on the floor. My feet were near the front of the vessel, and as I prepared to start to the surface with the rocks, the submarine tilted forward. As the submarine tipped, the water level at my feet rose rapidly, giving the distinct impression that the submarine was filling with water. Garbled and intermittent communications with the surface crew aggravated the situation. Everyone operated expertly and efficiently; Deep Rover and the rock samples were recovered smoothly. Actual dangers and repairs turned out to be minimal, and the submarine dove again the next day.”

(from Crater Lake Nature Notes)

Diving to the deepest part of the Lake: By Mark Buktenica, Park Biologist: “I had the distinct privilege of conducting 17 dives in Deep Rover. As I slowly sank into the depths of the lake, I was engulfed in blue which eventually turned to darkness. The only sounds in the submarine were the creaking and popping of the hull as it adjusted to the increasing pressure and the persistent hum of the carbon dioxide scrubbers cleaning the air. The journey to the bottom could take up to 30 minutes, during which time my personal fears were easily extinguished by the intrigue and demands of the work. After reaching the bottom on my dive to the deepest part of Crater Lake, I shut off the scrubbers and instrument lights to better experience the solitude and quiet, and to briefly reflect on being the first person to visit the deepest part of the lake. After several moments, I looked up through the clear acrylic hull and noticed that the dive flag mounted on top of the submarine was visible, and silhouetted against a slightly lighter background. At 1,932 feet in depth my eyes could detect the vague light from the surface, a surprising testament to Crater Lake’s incredibly clarity. Yet there was little time for introspection. With less than six hours allowed per dive, I was fully occupied with monitoring electrical and life-support systems, operating the submarine, collecting samples, recording observations on tape and film, and communicating with the surface boat via an underwater wireless telephone. Although the submersible was designed to operate instinctively, many of the task I had to perform required extreme concentration and were mentally challenging, physically demanding, and sometimes frustrating. Most of the lake floor is covered by fine sand colored sediments, and operating the sub there was like flying at night over an uncharted desert.

November 11

A five-person research team is trapped on Wizard Island for a week by heavy storms. 50 mph winds kept the helicopter grounded.




January 17

First winter research trip to Wizard Island, via helicopter. Jerry McCrea, Fred Vanhorn, Jim Milestone, Jim Webster and Mark Buktenica.

January 18

Rangers Fred Vanhorn and Jim Webster ski to the top of Wizard Island at midnight. Vanhorn and Webster are part of a five member winter research team, collecting winter lake samples.

April 13, 14, 15

Four park employees and two lake researchers helicopter to Wizard Island and spend three days conducting lake research. Jim Milestone, Jerry McCrea, Roger Andrascik, Kent Taylor, Mark Buktenica and Dr. Gary Larson.




March 5

A five man team flies into the Caldera to stay on the island to gather information on why the Lake water has become “cloudy”. Water samples and data during the winter were being gathered for the first time. The trip had been scrubbed two previous times because of bad weather. A new boathouse and living quarters was built on Wizard Island last summer in preparation for the team.



January 8

Ron Warfield, Chief of Park Interpretation, reports that the Lake has completely frozen over. R.J Michael of the Lodge Company disagreed. “Spotting the open water areas has been easier since Sunday night’s snowfall. Until Monday morning it was difficult to determine if the covering was skim ice. Now, however, obvious open areas can be seen around Wizard Island and elsewhere on the Lake.”


July 23

The “Square Knots” square dancing club from Newberg, Oregon, dance two square dances of two squares on the dock of Wizard Island. The club performs the first organized square dance inside the Rim of Crater Lake.

July 23

Twelve year old Brian Smith catches 37 Kokanee salmon off Wizard Island in five hours.

August 16 to September 15 1982

The completion of a four foot widening and pavement overlay of the West Rim Drive from the Wizard Island Overlook to the North Junction.

August 22

The Redwood Alliance, a pro environmental group, releases balloons near the updraft of the cooling tower of the Humboldt Bay Nuclear Plant in Eureka, California while research the airborne drift of radioactive steam emissions. A broken balloon and card are found, the following day on the south face of Wizard Island, near the top of the cone, by a Park visitor. The balloon and card are turned over to Ranger Larry Smith who mails the card back to Eureka.





The Park’s rescue raft is slid down the Rim at Rim Village for a practice rescue run to Wizard Island. 12 rangers camp in snow caves on the island. The nighttime temperature at the Rim reached a minus 7 degrees, with 31 degrees being measured in the snow caves. Since it was a clear night, the rangers climbed Wizard Island by moonlight.

James Stansberry, Diamond Lake snowmobile guide, cited for leading 5 other snowmobilers off the established route. Stansberry was fined $500 (with $400 suspended) and restricted from any further guided trips into the Park.

August 31

Scott and Pamela Burnett of Vancouver, Washington are remarried on Wizard Island. The couple had attempted the ceremony on September 3, 1979, but stormy weather had canceled the boat tours and the couple had to settle for an impromptu marriage ceremony at Cleetwood Cove. Judge Ken Odiorne of Chiloquin said that “this wedding was the most unique I have ever performed.” After failing to find any record of a previous Wizard Island marriage, the judge “entered their names in the Guiness Book of World Records.”

Jeff Adams, maintenance superintendent, retires after 23 years of continuous work at Crater Lake. Mr. Adams then begins another career as Liaison Officer for the contractors working on the Lodge.




July 9

Monday - Susie Stricker, seasonal ranger in fee collection, flies a 40 foot dragon kite from the top of Wizard Island. The kite was held aloft by winds ranging from 30 to 50 mph and reached a height of 500 feet, which was the total length of the line. Susie said, “I almost lost the kite due to the high winds.”

September 2

Scott and Pam Burnett attempt to be married on Wizard Island, but bad weather and 1.20 inches of rain force the wedding party back to Cleetwood Cove. The groom asks Ranger Mykal Ryan, who he had just met on the boat, to be his best man.




July 14

A Park visitor runs up and down Wizard Island in 18 minutes after forgetting his tripod at the top. The tour boat was waiting for him.

September 8

Gary Roden, 29, of Enumclaw, Washington, asks Ranger Hank Tanski for permission to leave his pack at the Visitor Center for a few hours while he explored the Rim Village area. When Gary did not return by closing time, Hank left a message and phone number on the door of the center and took the pack to Headquarters, returning to the Rim area several times during the evening, in search of Roden. Several days later, Hank discovered a postcard of Wizard Island in Roden’s pack saying, “I are on the island, and I’m not coming back alone.” This note, plus the report of several visitors say they had seen movement on the Island, prompted Tanski and Rick Kirchner to attempt a rescue in the Park’s Zodiac Raft which first required carrying the boat down the Cleetwood Lake Trail. As the craft arrived outside the boathouse, the door was flung open and Roden asked, “Are you looking for someone?”

Roden claims to have swum over to the Island with the idea of committing suicide by swallowing drugs, including cocaine. Roden had a change of heart and supposedly burned the drugs. He spent his first two nights in the Island’s crater, the next two nights under the trees and one night in the boat house. He also thought that the Island would be a quiet place to play his silver flute, which he had brought with him. Roden stated that the water was two cold to swim back, and waited five days for his rescue. The only food Gary was able to find was a shriveled up orange in one of the boathouses. On the way back to Cleetwood, as Hank was offering Roden part of his lunch, he asked Hank, “Are there any fish in the Lake?” Since this is the number one question asked by visitors and since Hank had heard the question all summer, he said he felt like pushing Roden overboard. It was later determined that Roden was a mental patient from Salem.




July 9

Two additional 60 passenger, $30,000 (some sources report $45,000) tour boats are added to the ever growing Crater Lake navy. The two boats, the “ Ralph Peyton” and the “Jim Griffin” (Crater Lake Lodge owners) were built during the winter by the Rudy Wilson Boat works of Portland, Oregon and trucked to Discovery Point. The two lake launches were air lifted, minus their engines, from Discovery Point parking lot to Wizard Island by a Sikorsky Sky Crane logging helicopter. The Peyton and Griffin will replace the aging launches “Fisher” and “Minn”. On the return trips, the helicopter brings out the Ranger’s patrol boat, which was sent to Olympic National Park, and an O.S.U. Research Boat. (The Griffin is renamed the “Glen Happel” in 1983 following the sale of Crater Lake Lodge.) Mrs. Kathy Peyton dutifully christened the two launches with two bottles of Champaign moments before the airlift began.

August 8

The Lodge Company’s boat house is destroyed by a disastrous fire on Wizard Island. Rudy Wilson, boat builder, attributed the fire to a “faulty generator”. A spark from the muffler of the generated, vented through the rear wall fell on a rotten log, smoldering for several hours and finally bursting into flames about 8 p.m. Fire crews were immediately dispatched, but because of the distances involved, three hours passed before the initial attack began. The fire loss is estimated at $50,000. Since the boat house had been built in a heavy grove of 400 year old Shasta Red Firs, to help camouflage the building, dozens of the giant trees were destroyed in the 5 acre forest fire. Lodge owner, Ralph Peyton, blamed the boathouse fire on lightning so that the insurance claim could be settled faster and the company would not be held responsible for irreplaceable damage done to one of the most photographed areas in the World.

August 27

A new, prefab boat house is flown by helicopter to Wizard Island, in 15 prebuilt sections, replacing the 1962 boathouse burned three weeks earlier. The boathouse was increased in size without first obtaining permission from the National Park Service. The helicopter also airlifted out an old Lake launch, the “Min”, named after Minnie Price, wife of the Lodge owner (1921 - 1954). The Min was trucked to Klamath Falls and given to a local troop of Sea Scouts.

Also lifted out was the “Fisher”, which was burned at the Park’s old garbage dump. Two Park Service chemical comfort stations were air-lifted to the Island, replacing two old pit toilet.





The “Paul Herron” lake launch is completed by Portland boat builder, Rudy Wilson on Wizard Island and takes her maiden voyage around the Lake. Work begins on a second lake launch. All materials, including the engines, are flown in by helicopter.





Ranger Marion Jack apprehends a fourteen year old runaway boy who had been camping in Mazama Campground. The boy had hidden in the back seat of a new car, until after the dealership closed for the night. He then drove the car out and for some unknown reason selected to visit Crater Lake. A fourteen year old, with a new car and no camping equipment invited an investigation and eventually to a confession.

Ranger Marion Jack apprehends a thirteen year old runaway English girl at Annie Spring. The family was headed back to England after living in Portland for a year and visited Crater Lake for one last American camping trip. Unknown to her parents, the girl made arrangements for her boyfriend to pick her up at the Entrance Station, but he never showed. Confusing the search effort was that the rangers were looking for an English girl, not realizing that the girl had lost her accent during her stay in Oregon.

Boatman Bruce Kaye observes a black bear spending two days on Wizard Island.

60 Clark's Nutcrackers banded by Chief of Interpretation, Richard Brown.

August 29

The Park’s old wooden Ranger boat is sunk near Wizard Island, after using a sledge hammer to knock holes into the boat’s sides and bottom.





Record accent of Cleetwood Lake Trail by Ranger Owen Hoffman in 7.5 minutes. Owen was a champion runner from San Jose State and had his eye on an Olympic position. Eventually worked as a nuclear scientist and as a private consultant.

Two new housing units are constructed in Steel Circle. The new sewer lagoons are enlarged.

Construction (on Wizard Island) begins on a new Lake launch, the “Herron”, named for Paul Herron, Crater Lake boat operator for 27 years.





$21,000 is spent on the reconstruction of Sinnott Memorial Overlook. The rustic log construction is replaced with aluminum trim, a rock strewn roof and rough sawn cedar boards.

Construction begins on the Lodge Company’s new 100 foot boathouse on Wizard Island. The Government constructs a steel pier at Cleetwood Cove. The upper side of the Rim Wall is blasted to obtain fill material, which is quickly washed away during winter storms. The blast site has been unstable ever since.




August 25-26

The first authorized use of scuba gear on the Lake and at Wizard Island.




March 14

Dr. Ruhle, C.R. Fitzgerald, Jim Kilburn (Park electrician, 3027 Muller Street, Redwood City, California 94061) and two others walk on the frozen Lake, over to Wizard Island. The only men to do so. The ice cracked and made grinding noises as the men were walking on it. Wayne Howell, Asst. Superintendent said the men were “nuts” for having walked on the frozen Lake and for having put themselves into such personal danger. 

The men had attempted to bring snowshoes with them, but the steep decent down the inner rim forced them to abandon the snowshoes. Some of the party returned the way they came, directly back to the Rim while one member of the expedition crossed Skell Channel and hugged the Western shore on his return route.





Diatoms found 50 feet up on Wizard Island, suggesting a higher Lake level or wave activities.



October 25

Rescue of a boy who climbed down a pumice slide near the Watchman and swam to Wizard Island. The boy was too cold for a return swim.




August 31

Fisherman drowns in the Lake, near Wizard Island, when his boat overturns.

1935 John Doerr becomes the Park’s first Park Naturalist. The Park’s Commissioner is no longer required to live in the Park. A stone entrance station and residence are constructed at the North Junction. The buildings were torn town 20 years later. 





Betty Brenton, 15 years of age, claims to be the first woman to swim from the Lake Trail to Wizard Island. (Reported by her sister, who followed along in a row boat, Margaret Coats, 145 Mountain Circle Dr., Sumner, WA. 98390.





Dr. Bush, “Lady of the Woods” sculptor claims the distinction of being the first white man to camp over-night on Wizard Island. (Claim is unfounded)

The Lake Trail (Sparrow Trail), located between the Lodge and Garfield, and the Garfield Peak Trail are extensively rebuilt during the summer season. Superintendent Sparrow rides his horse to the top of and the bottom of both trails. It starts on the north side of the Lodge and is called the Lake Trail. The Trail is 1.25 miles long with a 15 percent grade. The Watchman Trail is built.




July 3

The new Crater Lake Lodge formally opens in honor of Governor Withycombe and the first meals are served. Governor’s Bay on Wizard Island named by Steel in honor of the Governor. The opening date was planned to coincide with the San Francisco World’s Fair.


Truman Cook, age 22, of Portland, Oregon arrives at Crater Lake to work for the Lodge Company. He reports that the only motor boat on the lake was a 16 foot boat with a 3 hp inboard motor. The boat was stored in the boat house on Wizard Island and was operated by the 16 year old son of the concession manager during the season. In the boat house was a half completed 36 foot boat. With the help of a house carpenter, Truman completes the boat. The 300 pound engine is skidded down from the Rim and installed on Wizard Island. When launched, the boat becomes the second motorized boat on the Lake and the first boat capable of carrying 20 passengers.





Iva Clark (Park), 16 and brother Theo Clark, 14, from Portland, while canoeing on the Lake, end up spending the night on Wizard Island because of bad storms and high winds. Their mother spends the night at the Lake shore, below the Lodge thinking her children have drowned. She met them with tears and blankets when they paddled back in the morning.




August 5 - 15

Steel brings 27 people to Crater Lake from Medford. This is the first attempt to provide visitor services at the Lake. The group had begun at Union Station in Portland and traveled by train to Medford. A large crowd of locals welcomed the group as their wagon train set off for their camping rendezvous at Eagle Point. The group spends five days traveling to Crater Lake. The boat, the Start, a 16 foot skiff built in Klamath Falls and launched for the auspicious group’s exclusive use is used to ferry members of the group out to Wizard Island and over to Cloud Cap.. After spending ten days visiting points of interest in and around the Park, including photographing the Lake, and stopping off at old Fort Klamath, the group broke up at Ashland.



August 21

The Mazama, an Oregon mountain climbing club, meet in solemn conclave at Crater Lake for the purpose of giving “the mountain that swallowed itself” a name. It had occurred to several members of the club that the destroyed mountain had no name. They proposed the name of their club, which has since been generally accepted. The name comes from a term applied to the Mountain Goat and antelope in Mexico about 300 years ago. The meeting of the executive Council was held in the crater of Wizard Island, at which time it was decided to set aside August 21 of each year as Mazama Day. On that date, 1896, Fay Fuller, the first historian of the society, and the first white woman to climb Mt. Rainier, christened the “Phantom Peak of Yester year” as Mount Mazama by breaking a bottle of crystal water from the bluest lake in the world against a rock on the rim. That night an awesome spectacle was enacted as the crater on Wizard Island was illuminated. Hundreds who watched from the distant Rim, near where Sinnott Overlook now stands, will carry that memory in their hearts forever.

August 30

John Muir arrives at Crater Lake with the National Forestry Commission, including Gifford Pinchot. Charles Sargent, Director of the Arnold Arboretum; William Brewer of Yale; Arnold Hague of the U.S. Geological Survey; General Henry Abbott of the U.S. Engineer Corps; Alexander Agassiz, marine biologist, member of the U.S. Coast Survey; Gifford Pinchot, practical forester, and Silas Diller. The sky was clouded, but the commission started for Wizard Island anyway.

From John Muir’s journal: The lake walls of thirty to ninety degrees slope descended to the shore, where the slope averages thirty-five degrees...Crater Island is a fine symmetrical volcano and comparatively recent. The sky in the evening was clouded, but we started for the island. Halfway over it began to thunder and whitecaps broke into our overloaded boat. We turned back to the shore at the nearest wooded point, and built a fire to dry our drenched clothing. Pinchot and I went a hundred feet up a ridge and made a fire on a flat rock. Arnold Hague and the boatman and Sargent stayed down on the shore. After the rain, it was too late for the island, so we rowed back to the foot of the trail and climbed up to camp; rather tired but none the worse-rather better for the exercise...Heavy rain during the night. All slept in the tent except for Pinchot.


J.S. Diller reports finding a broken off tree floating upright in 37 feet of water near Wizard Island. The trunk was broken off just above the water level and the roots at the base could be seen through the clear water on the bottom as if the tree grew where it was standing.

Hillman Peak, first named Maxwell Peak, for an early explorer, renamed Glacier Peak and then finally to Hillman Peak by William Steel.

Jesse Sarvish Barton, age 15, carves his name and the date onto a Mountain Hemlock, located near the present Visitor Center in Rim Village. The kid got into trouble because he used a surveying tool to do the carving and he broke the tool. Barton was in the Park because his dentist father was working on a surveying crew. (Reported by Ranger Wanda Naylor, 1980)

While the Mazamas were camped at Crater Lake, over 200 Klamath Indians were also in camp on the Rim, “since which time they visit the lake without fear.” Meals are provided at the lower campground at Government Camp, for $1.00 per day, two miles below the Lake Rim.

The U.S. Forest Service founded by an act of Congress Rep. Tongue introduces into the House, a Crater Lake National Park bill. Much vandalism is discovered around Crater Lake.

Late 1890’s

Josephine Schrinscher, teenager, spends night on Wizard Island. Claims to be first white lady to do so. (??)




July 17

At 7:30 a.m., the Cleetwood begins its decent behind the present Lodge, on Garfield Trail. Fifteen men work 8 hours to launch the boat. Wizard Island is visited by both the Cleetwood and the two skiffs. The lowering of the Cleetwood: Weighed 900 pounds and was 26 feet long, constructed of spruce and ash. Cleetwood Canyon, located behind the present Lodge, was named by William Steel because this was the location where the Cleetwood was slid down to the Lake. With the launching of the Cleetwood, soundings of the lake are begun under the direction of Captain Clarence E. Dutton, chief of the Geological Survey party. Captain George W. Davis spends the first day testing the effects of tension on the wire which is to be used in sounding the lake. The Watchman Peak receives its name from the fact that “watchmen” were stationed on its summit in order to determine the positions of the survey boats.

Will Steel remembers the launching as: “On Saturday morning I stood on a snow bank with a watch in my hand and every man in his place. At exactly 8 o’clock I gave the word and all jumped to their positions and the serious launching was underway. For eight hours, without stopping to eat or otherwise, 16 men labored with every nerve strained in an earnest desire to do his best. Then we found ourselves at the foot of the canyon, with the Cleetwood’s nose projecting over an embankment 10 feet high, directly over the water, and not a foot of cable to be had. The oars were secured in the boat, a man sat in the stern bracing himself as best he could. With a single stroke the cable was cut, the boat shot forward and down and the man gathered himself up in the bow with blood upon his face and bruised all over, but the happiest man in Oregon, for, had he not driven the mules that drew the Cleetwood 100 miles into the mountains and finished the trip on the water? We he the only many who ever went from Ashland to Crater Lake by boat.”

August 16

Ten names are carved into a rock near the summit of Wizard Island: Annie Shipley, E.V. Patterson, Sam Hodges, Maggie Linn, Tom and Minnie Ross, R.E. Ross, E.R. Reames, Abe Ross, F. Lynn.




August 17

To learn more about the Lake, Captain Dutton launches a small, leaky, canvas boat and the men of the expedition explore the shoreline, and the island. Steel names several of the Lake’s prominent features, including Wizard Island, “because of its weird appearance” and its resemblance to a Wizard’s hat. The crater at the top was named the Witch’s Cauldron.




Judge C.B. Watson and five others from Fort Klamath visit the Lake. The group names the Lake, “Lake Mystery”. The judge undertakes to write a description of the lake, but soon exhausts his store of adjectives. The Watson Party, launch a boat over the snow banks by means of ropes. The roughly built boat was constructed by W.E. Watson’s father, a blacksmith. The boat is rowed a mile from shore before a sounding line is played into the water. A depth of 750 feet is reached before the line breaks. The party then ascends Wizard Island and spend several hours exploring. Names of the party are placed in a bottle and left on the Island. Ten years later the bottle is recovered and the names are published in a morning newspaper in Portland.



September 3

A party of eleven men from Jacksonville, guided by James D. Fay arrived on the west side of the Lake during a hunting trip to Diamond Peak. Here Fay, Herman Helms and Sgt. Orson Stearn find a gentler slope enabling their decent to the water, where they inscribe their names and the date on a nearby rock. Intrigued by the topography of Wizard Island, they resolve to return and bring a boat with which they could reach the island and explore its slopes.


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