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Smith Brothers' Chronological History of Crater Lake National Park



<< 1843   1846   1848 >>


The Applegate Wagon Train, using the newly surveyed “Southern Route” or Applegate Trail, crosses the Siskiyous and roll through the Rogue Valley. The first wagon train to do so. 

Mt. Scott, highest peak in Crater Lake National Park, is named after Captain Levi Scott, a member of the Oregon Constitutional Convention. Scott was with Jesse and Lindsay Applegate during their initial exploration of Southern Oregon and northern California in 1846.

Mt. Thielsen, located 20 miles north of Crater Lake, is named by John Hurlburt for Hans Thielsen, an early explorer from Denmark.

May 6

General Fremont once again visits Klamath Lake and an Indian attack is provoked. Fremont's exploratory party is attacked by Indians while camped near the lake. Four whites are killed. Kit Carson, along with 15 men, make a retaliatory raid on an Indian Village near the lake, burning it to the ground. In Fremont’s reports of his explorations there is a story of a “great sunken hole” or “hole in the ground”. There is little evidence to connect this entry with Crater Lake.






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