The Applegate Wagon Train, using the newly surveyed “Southern
Route” or Applegate Trail, crosses the Siskiyous and roll
through the Rogue Valley. The first wagon train to do so.
Mt. Scott, highest peak in Crater Lake National Park, is named
after Captain Levi Scott, a member of the Oregon Constitutional
Convention. Scott was with Jesse and Lindsay Applegate during
their initial exploration of Southern Oregon and northern
California in 1846.
Mt. Thielsen, located 20 miles north of Crater Lake, is named by
John Hurlburt for Hans Thielsen, an early explorer from Denmark.
General Fremont once again visits Klamath Lake and an Indian
attack is provoked. Fremont's exploratory party is attacked by
Indians while camped near the lake. Four whites are
Carson, along with 15 men, make a retaliatory raid on an Indian
Village near the lake, burning it to the ground. In Fremont’s
reports of his explorations there is a story of a “great sunken
hole” or “hole in the ground”. There is little evidence to
connect this entry with Crater Lake.