The National Parks at a Glance

General Information Regarding Crater lake National Park, Season of 1917

 The National Parks at a Glance.

[Number, 17; total area, 9,774 square miles.]

National parks in
order of creation.

Location.

Area in
square
miles.

Distinctive characteristics.

Hot Springs
1832

Middle Arkansas

1-1/2

46 hot springs possessing curative properties—Many hotels and boarding houses—20 bath houses under public control.

Yellowstone
1872

Northwestern Wyoming.

3,348

More geysers than in all rest of world together—Boiling springs—Mud volcanoes—Petrified forests—Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, remarkable for gorgeous coloring—Large lakes— Many large streams and waterfalls—Vast wilderness, constituting greatest wild bird and animal preserve in world—Exceptional trout fishing.

Casa Grande Ruin
1889

Arizona.

3/4

Noteworthy relics of a prehistoric age; discovered in ruinous condition in 1694.

Sequoia
1890

Middle eastern California.

252

The Big Tree National Park—12,000 sequoia trees over 10 feet in diameter, some 25 to 36 feet in diameter—Towering mountain ranges—Startling precipices—Fine trout fishing.

Yosemite
1890

Middle eastern California.

1,125

Valley of world-famed beauty—Lofty cliffs—Romantic vistas—Many waterfalls of extraordinary height—3 groves of big trees—High Sierra—Waterwheel falls—Good trout fishing.

General Grant
1890

Middle eastern California.

4

Created to preserve the celebrated General Grant Tree, 35 feet in diameter—6 miles from Sequoia National Park.

Mount Rainier
1899

West central Washington.

324

Largest accessible single peak glacier system—28 glaciers, some of large size—48 square miles of glacier, 50 to 500 feet thick—Wonderful subalpine wild flower fields.

Crater Lake
1902

Southwestern Oregon.

249

Lake of extraordinary blue in crater of extinct volcano—Sides 1,000 feet high—Interesting lava formations—Fine fishing.

Wind Cave
1903

South Dakota.

16

Cavern having many miles of galleries and numerous chambers containing many peculiar formations.

Platt
1904

Southern Oklahoma.

1-1/3

Many sulphur and other springs possessing medicinal value.

Sullys Hill
1904

North Dakota.

1-1/5

Smail rugged hill containing prehistoric ruins—Practically a local park.

Mesa Verde
1906

Southwestern Colorado.

77

Most notable and best preserved prehistoric cliff dwellings in United States, if not in the world.

Glacier
1910

Northwestern Montana.

1,534

Rugged mountain region of unsurpassed Alpine character—250 glacier-fed lakes of romantic beauty—60 small glaciers—Precipices thousands of feet deep—Almost sensational scenery of marked individuality—Fine trout fishing.

Rocky Mountain
1915

North middle Colorado.

398

Heart of the Rockies—Snowy range, peaks 11,000 to 14,230 feet altitude—Remarkable records of glacial period.

Hawaii
1916

Hawaii.

118

Three separate areas—Kilauea and Manna Loa on Hawaii; Haleakala on Maui.

Lassen Volcanic
1916

Northern California.

124

Only active volcano in United States proper—Lassen Peak 10,465 feet—Cinder Cone 6,879 feet—Hot springs—Mud geysers.

Mount McKinley
1917

South central Alaska.

2,200

Highest mountain in North America—Rises higher above surrounding country than any other mountain in world.