11 Mount Mazama

The Geology and Petrography of Crater Lake National Park, 1902



On the rim of Crater Lake there once stood a prominent peak to which the name Mount Mazama has been given. Mount Mazama is practically unknown to the people of Oregon, but they are familiar with Crater Lake, which occupies the depression that resulted from the wreck of the great peak. The remnant of Mount Mazama is most readily identified when referred to as the “rim of Crater Lake.” The wrecking of Mount Mazama was the crowning event in the volcanic history of the Cascade Range, and resulted from a movement similar to that just noted in Mount Thielsen but vastly greater in its size and consequences. This volcanic activity culminated in the development of a great pit or caldera, which for grandeur and beauty rivals anything of its kind in the world.

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