Botanists – 04

The Botanists at Crater Lake National Park by Elizabeth L. Horn

Kalmiopsis Volume 12, 2005 31


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Early Interpreters and a Park Flora


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Three botanists who served on the park staff during the 1920s and 1930s, F. Lyle Wynd, Lincoln Constance, and Elmer Applegate, shaped the early botanical heritage of Crater Lake National Park, including the first floras of the Park, the concept of life zones, and informative articles published in Nature Notes (

Crater Lake currant (Ribes erythrocarpum) is a narrow endemic found only in a few Oregon counties and was first collected by Coville and Leiberg in 1896. It is an intermediate host for the blister rust on whitebark pine. Photo by Norm Jensen.