Crater Lake Institute
 

 Home | Site Map | About Us | Donate/Join Us | Contact Us | CLI Store | Press Room

 
 
 You are here: Home > Planning a Visit > Activities > Fishing

Fishing

All waters within Crater Lake National Park are open to fishing unless otherwise indicated below.

Lake Regulations

  • Bait - All waters are restricted to use of artificial lures and flies only. No organic bait of any kind can be used in Crater Lake National Park. This includes live or dead fish, power bait, and fish eggs or roe.

  • Boating - Private boats or flotation devices are not allowed on Crater Lake.

  • License - No Fishing license is required within the boundaries of Crater Lake National Park.

  • Limits - There are no restrictions relative to size, number, or species taken.

  • Season - The lake can be fished year-round except when seasonal limitations prevent safe access. This means about May 20 through Oct. 31. The only access to the lake is by the Cleetwood Trail located on the north side of Crater Lake.

  • Time - Fishing is allowed in the park from 1/2 hour before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset.

  • Where - Cleetwood Cove provides about 1/4 mile of rocky shoreline for angling. Wizard Island is also open while boat tours are running. Fishing is allowed from park boat docks except when a boat is within 200 feet of the dock.

  • Note - Pack out your catch. Cleaning fish in the lake is prohibited.

Stream Regulations

  • Closures - Fishing is prohibited in Sun Creek starting three miles upstream from the junction of Sun Creek and the park boundary, and extending three miles upstream, as posted. Sun Creek is protected habitat for endangered Bull Trout.

  • Regulations - State regulations are enforced for stream fishing in Crater Lake National Park.

Water Bodies within Crater Lake National Park

Please feel free to move or zoom in or out of the map below.

Fish in Crater Lake

In 1888 William G. Steel, considered the founder of Crater Lake National Park, made the first recorded attempts to stock Crater Lake. National Park Service researchers believe that before that time, Crater Lake contained no fish. William Steel’s motive for stocking the lake was probably to improve the lake's recreational value.

Around the turn of the century, a regular stocking program was begun. Stocking continued through the early part of the century until creel censuses showed that the fish were naturally reproducing. Six species were introduced to Crater Lake during this time. The last recorded stockings were silver salmon in 1937 and rainbow trout in 1941.

Later investigations revealed that the naturally reproducing silver salmon were actually kokanee salmon. Since kokanee were not intentionally introduced, researchers believe that one of the plantings of silver salmon fingerlings was actually kokanee. Of the six species introduced, two remain:

  • Kokanee Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) are a dwarf, landlocked form of sockeye salmon. Kokanee are the most abundant species in the lake, estimated to have a population well into the hundreds of thousands. An average kokanee is about 8 inches long, but some grow to as long as 18 inches.

  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are less abundant than the kokanee, but are typically larger. The largest documented rainbow trout from Crater Lake was a 6 1/2 pound, 26 inch long specimen caught by the park research team. Most rainbows average 10 to 14 inches.

Rainbow trout and kokanee salmon populations are stable in the lake. Researchers believe that this stability is due to each fish species eating different foods. Kokanee feed on zooplankton and rainbows feed on aquatic insects.

Fish in Park Streams

Although the lake is by far the park’s largest body of water, fish also inhabit many of the small streams within the park. These streams are generally not accessible because of the steep canyons in which they are found.

According to stocking records, two species, eastern brook and rainbow trout, were planted in park streams. However, a total of four species have been identified:

  • Eastern Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) have been found in almost every park stream.

  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were originally planted in large numbers throughout the park. Today, it appears that their numbers are few and scattered. They have been collected in recent years from Annie, Bybee, Castle, Munson, and Sun Creeks.

  • German Brown Trout (Salmo trutta), in recent surveys, had one representative specimen found in Sand Creek above the falls, which appears to be a barrier preventing upstream migration. Researchers believe that this fish may be the remnant of an unrecorded or unauthorized planting.

  • Bull Trout (Salvelinus confluentus) are understood to be the only native fish species found within the park. These less competitive fish are a candidate species under the Endangered Species Act, and are considered rare in the Southern Cascades. Programs to conserve this species are now being implemented.

 

 

 Site Navigation

  Arts

  Crater Lake News

  Cultural History

  Natural History

  Online Library

  Planning a Visit

     Activities

     Current Conditions

     Directions and Maps

     F. A. Q. 's

     Services

  Research

Current Conditions at Crater Lake National Park

(Image by Grovin Thewer)

 

Crater Lake Rim Webcam