Weather and Climate Inventory, Klamath Network, National Park Service, 2007

Weather and Climate Inventory, Klamath Network, National Park Service, 2007

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Weather and Climate Inventory, Klamath Network, National Park Service, 2007

Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/KLMN/NRTR—2007/035

WRCC Report 2007-10


Summer convection near Lassen Volcanic National Park

Photograph copyrighted by National Park Service


Christopher A. Davey, Kelly T. Redmond, and David B. Simeral

Western Regional Climate Center

Desert Research Institute

2215 Raggio Parkway

Reno, Nevada 89512-1095

May 2007

U.S. Department of the Interior

National Park Service

Natural Resource Program Center

Fort Collins, Colorado

The Natural Resource Publication series addresses natural resource topics that are of interest and applicability to a broad readership in the National Park Service and to others in the management of natural resources, including the scientific community, the public, and the National Park Service conservation and environmental constituencies. Manuscripts are peer-reviewed to ensure that the information is scientifically credible, technically accurate, appropriately written for the intended audience, and designed and published in a professional manner.

The Natural Resources Technical Reports series is used to disseminate the peer-reviewed results of scientific studies in the physical, biological, and social sciences for both the advancement of science and the achievement of the National Park Service mission. The reports provide contributors with a forum for displaying comprehensive data that are often deleted from journals because of page limitations. Current examples of such reports include the results of research that address natural resource management issues; natural resource inventory and monitoring activities; resource assessment reports; scientific literature reviews; and peer-reviewed proceedings of technical workshops, conferences, or symposia.

Views and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect policies of the National Park Service. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use by the National Park Service.

Printed copies of reports in these series may be produced in a limited quantity and they are only available as long as the supply lasts. This report is also available from the Natural Resource Publications Management website ( on the Internet or by sending a request to the address on the back cover.


Please cite this publication as follows:

Davey, C. A., K. T. Redmond, and D. B. Simeral. 2007. Weather and Climate Inventory, National Park Service, Klamath Network. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/KLMN/NRTR—2007/035. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

NPS/KLMN/NRTR—2007/035, May 2007

Table of Contents

  1. 01 Weather and Climate Cover
  2. 02 Acronyms
  3. 03 Executive Summary
  4. 04 Acknowledgements
  5. 05 1.0. Introduction
  6. 06 1.1. Network Terminology
  7. 07 1.2. Weather versus Climate Definitions
  8. 08 1.3. Purpose of Measurements
  9. 09 1.4. Design of Climate-Monitoring Programs
  10. 10 2.0. Climate Background
  11. 11 2.1. Climate and the KLMN Environment
  12. 12 2.2. Spatial Variability
  13. 13 2.3. Temporal Variability
  14. 14 2.4. Parameter Regression on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM)
  15. 15 3.0. Methods
  16. 16 3.1. Metadata Retrieval
  17. 17 3.2. Criteria for Locating Stations
  18. 18 4.0. Station Inventory
  19. 19 4.1. Climate and Weather Networks
  20. 20 4.2. Station Locations
  21. 21 5.0. Conclusions and Recommendations
  22. 22 5.1. Klamath Inventory and Monitoring Network
  23. 23 5.2. Spatial Variations in Mean Climate
  24. 24 5.3. Climate Change Detection
  25. 25 5.4. Aesthetics
  26. 26 5.5. Information Access
  27. 27 5.6. Summarized Conclusions and Recommendations
  28. 28 6.0 Literature Cited
  29. 29 Appendix A. Glossary
  30. 30 Appendix B. Climate-monitoring principles
  31. 31 Appendix C. Factors in operating a weather/climate network
  32. 32 Appendix D. General design considerations for weather/climate-monitoring programs
  33. 33 Appendix E. Master metadata field list
  34. 34 Appendix F. Electronic supplements
  35. 35 Appendix G. Descriptions of weather/climate monitoring networks

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