Status of Whitebark Pine – References

Status of Whitebark Pine in Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, 2000

 REFERENCES

Arno, S.F. 1986. Whitebark pine cone crops; a diminishing source of wildlife food? Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 1:92-94.

Arno, S. F. 1980. Forest fire history in the Northern Rockies. Journal of Forestry. 78:460-465.

Bedwell, J.L. and T.W. Childs. 1943. Susceptibility of whitebark pine to blister rust in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Forestry. 41:904-912.

Donahue, J. 2000. First-year results of a program for monitoring the health of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) at Crater Lake National Park.

Unpublished report on file at Crater Lake National Park, OR. 30 pp.

Goheen, E.M.; Danchok, R.S.; Goheen, D.J.; Marshal, K.; Petrick, J.A., and D.E. White. 1999. The status of whitebark pine along the pacific crest national scenic trail on the Umpqua National Forest. Unpublished draft on file at USDA, Southwest Oregon Forest Insect and Disease Service Center, Central Point, OR. 13 pp.

Hadfield, J; Flanagan, P; Camp, A. 1996. White pine mortality survey in the Eastern Washington Cascade Range. Nutcracker Notes (USFS Rocky Mountain Research Station) 7:8. Also available online at: http://nrmsc.usgs.gov/nutnotes/number7.htm

Hoff, R.; Hagle, S. 1990. Diseases of whitebark pine with special emphasis on white pine blister rust. In: Schmidt, W.C.; McDonald, K.J., compilers. Proceedings – symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: ecology and management of a high-mountain resource; 1989 March 29-31; Bozeman, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-270. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 179-190.

Jackson, M.T.; Faller, A. 1973. Structural analysis and dynamics of the plant communities of Wizard Island, Crater Lake National Park. Ecological Monographs 43:441-461.

Keane, R. 2000. Where the rubber meets the road: whitebark pine success stories. Nutcracker Notes (USFS Rocky Mountain Research Station) 11:24. Also available online at: http://nrmsc.usgs.gov/nutnotes/number11.htm

Keane, R.E.; Arno, S.F. 1996. Whitebark pine ecosystem restoration in Western Montana. In: Hardy, C.C.; Arno, S.F., eds. 1996. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen Tch. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station.: 51-53.

Kendall, K.C. 1994. Ecological mapping of whitebark pine in Glacier National Park. In: Proceedings – workshop on research & management in whitebark pine ecosystems; 1994 May 3; West Glacier, MT. Unpublished report on file at Glacier National Park. 51-62.

Lueck, D. 1980. Ecology of Pinus albicaulis on Bachelor Butte, Oregon. Masters Thesis, Oregon State University. 90 pp.

Murray, M.P.; Bunting, S.C.; Morgan, P. 1997. Subalpine ecosystems: the roles of whitebark pine and fire. In: Proceedings – symposium on fire effects on threatened and endangered species and habitats; 1995 November; Coeur d’ Alene, ID: International Association of Wildland Fire. 295-299.

Tomback, D. F.; Hoffmann, L. A.; Sund, S. K. 1990. Coevolution of whitebark pine and nutcrackers: implications for forest regeneration. In: Proceedings – symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: ecology and management of a high-mountain resource; 1989 March 29-31; Bozeman, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-270. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 118-129.

USDA 1949. White pine blister rust control in the northwestern region: January 1 to December 31, 1949. USDA Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Division of Plant Disease Control. 109 pp.

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