68 Bibliography

Crater Lake National Park: Administrative History by Harlan D. Unrau and Stephen Mark, 1987

 

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MANUSCRIPT SOURCES

Crater Lake, Oregon. Crater Lake National Park.

Administrative Files, Canfield Building Attic.
Administrative Files, Warehouse.
Central Files.
Files, Superintendent’s Office.
Superintendent’s Annual Reports, 1928-53, 1967-69, 1973-74, 1979-86.
Superintendent’s Monthly Reports, 1928-59, 1961-66.
Interpretation Division Files.
Klamath Falls Group Office Files.
Library Collection.
Museum Collection.
Crater Lake Ranger Manual, 1928
J.S. Diller’s Notes, 1896
Naturalist Daily Log Book, 1950-63, 1971-82
Register of Camping Parties, 1908-14, 1914-17
Register of Persons Entering Park, 1921-36, 1931-34
Register of Visitors, 1916-36
Register of Visitors, Western Entrance, 1917-21
Register of Visitors, 1928-29, 1933-35
Register of Visitors Entering Park, 1918-20 (Mount Scott Lookout, 1929-51)
Scrapbooks (4)
Superintendent’s Annual Reports, Crater Lake National Park, 1903-07, 1909-15
Survey Record Books (Engineering), 1920s-1960s
William G. Steel Correspondence Collection, Letter Files (3)
William G. Steel Scrapbooks
Crater Lake
No. 21, Vol. 1
No. 22, Vol. 2, Part 2
No. 35, Vol. 3
No. 36, Vol. 4
No. 37, Vol. 5
No. 38, Vol. 6
No. 39, Vol. 7
No. 40, Vol. 8
No. 41, Vol. 9
Forest Reserves.
No. 24, Vol. 1
No. 25, Vol. 2
Old Naturalist Files.
Resource Management Files.
Vertical Files (Park Library)

Denver, Colorado. Denver Public Library.

Western History Collecton.

Eugene, Oregon. Main Library, University of Oregon.

Oregon Collection.
Crater Lake National Park Circulars, 1912-14, 1916-19, 1922-25, 1927-33.
Crater Lake National Park Company. Crater Lake National Park. Medford, 1921.
Hull, Frank H. Southern Oregon: The Cream of Creation. [1904].
Mazamas. Diamond Peak and Crater Lake, Mazamas 28th Annual Outing, July 30th – August 15th, 1921. Portland, 1921.
_______. Oregon Out of Doors. Portland, 1922.
“Preliminary Report on the Crater Lake Project: A Study of Appreciation of Nature Beauty Sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the University of Oregon, Report Prepared by R.W. Leighton, Executive Secretary of Research, University of Oregon, May 1, 1934.
Southern Pacific Railroad. Crater Lake: Oregon’s Mountain Playground. 1917.
Steel, W.G. “An Outing of the Mazamas.” Twentieth Century Home, June 1904, 24-27.
U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service. “The Master Plan, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. 1947.”
Wilderness Suitability Study–Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, Klamath Falls and Medford, Oregon, January 21 and 23, 1971: Official Transcript of Proceedings, United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service.

Grants Pass, Oregon. Josephine County Library.

Vertical Files.

Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. Harpers Ferry Center.

National Park Service Historical Collection.
Crater Lake National Park, “Facts and Figures,” [1965].
“Crater Lake Nature Notes,” 1928-33.
File Box, Crater Lake National Park.
Information and Interpretive Services Reports, 1969-70.
Master Plan, Crater Lake National Park, 1964.
National Park Service Circulars, Crater Lake National Park, 1912-19.
“National Park Service News,” 1919-20.
Superintendent’s Annual Reports, Crater Lake National Park, 1973-75.

Jacksonville, Oregon. Southern Oregon Historical Society.

Irving E. Vining Collection.
Myers, Kate. “Our Trip to Crater Lake.” 1903.
Smith, Larry B. comp. “Articles on the Discovery of Crater Lake.” 1979.
Transcribed Oral Histories.
Interview of Ethel and Leonard Freeman by Richard Engeman and Marjorie Edens, January 30, 1980.
Interview of Seely V. Hall by Marjorie Edens, February 12, 1980.
Interview of Katherine “Kit” Nealon Huntress Leavitt by Ruth Preston and Marjorie Edens, April 15 and June 18, 1980.
Vertical Files.

Klamath Falls, Oregon. Klamath County Library

Vertical Files.

Klamath Falls, Oregon. Klamath County Museum.

“Application for Permission to Use Automobiles Or Motorcycles on the Government Roads in the Crater Lake National Park, Oregon,” August 22, 1914.
“Excursion to Crater Lake Under the Auspices of the Mazamas, August 16, 1896, Assisted by the Crater Lake Clubs of Ashland and Medford, Or.” [1896]
“The Chronicle of the Crater Lake Camping Party from August 16-31, 1910.”
Vertical Files.

Lakewood, Colorado. Technical Information Center, Denver Service Center, National Park Service.

Diaries, Crater Lake National Park, 1931-45.

Medford, Oregon. Jackson County Library.

Vertical Files.

Portland, Oregon. Oregon Historical Society.

John Maben Diary, 1926-27.
Oregon Environmental Council Records.
Vertical Files.
W. Kuykendall Collection.
William G. Steel Scrapbooks, 1885-1934 (Microfilm)

Roseburg, Oregon. Douglas County Library.

Vertical Files.

Salem, Oregon. Oregon State Library.

Vertical Files.

San Bruno, California. Federal Records Center, National Archives and Records Service.

Record Group 79, Records of the National Park Service. Western Region (Reg. IV), San Francisco, California.
Central Classified Files, 1923-42.
Central Files of the Regional Wildlife Technician, 1929-41.
Monthly Activities Report of Park Naturalists, 1935-53.
Resident Landscape Architect’s Report to the Chief Architect, 1927-40.
Vegetation Surveys, 1935-53.

Seattle, Washington. Federal Records Center, National Archives and Records Service.

Record Group 79, Records of the National Park Service.

Seattle, Washington. Manuscripts Collection, Henry Suzallo Library, University of Washington.

Friends of the Earth, Northwest Office, Records.
M. Brock Evans Papers.
Sierra Club, Northwest Office, Records.
William C. Ruegritz Papers.

Washington, D.C. History Division: Cultural Resources Management, Washington Office, National Park Service.

Park Archives.

Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Service.

Record Group 48, Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior.
Central Classified Files, 1907-36.
Central Classified Files, 1937-53.
Central Classified Files, 1954-58.
Record Group 49, Records of the Bureau of Land Management.
General Land Office, Division “R,” National Forests.
Record Group 79, Records of National Park Service.
Central Files, 1907-39.
Central Classified Files, 1933-49.
Letters Received by the Office of the Secretary of the Interior Relating to National Parks, 1872-1907.
Records of the Office of the Chief Clerk of the Department of the Interior, 1887-1916.

Of the various manuscript sources researched for this study, the most useful were those at Crater Lake National Park, the National Park Service Historical Collection at Harpers Ferry Center, the Federal Records Centers at San Bruno and Seattle, and the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

PUBLISHED WORKS: Books

Albright, Horace M. The Birth of the National Park Service: The Founding Years, 1913-33. Salt Lake City, 1985.

_______, and Taylor, Frank J. “Oh Ranger!: A Book About the National Parks. Palo Alto, 1928.

Allen, Albert Cooper. Crater Lake and Its Legend. Central Point, Oregon, 1958.

Biographical Directory of the American Congress: 1774-1971. Washington, 1971.

Buckland, Gail. First Photographs: People, Places, and Phenomena as Captured for the First Time by the Camera. New York, 1980.

Capitol Who’s Who for Oregon, 1942.

Diller, J.S. Crater Lake, Oregon. Washington, 1898.

Douthit, Mary Osborn. ed. The Souvenir of Western Women. Portland, 1905.

Farner, Donald S. The Birds of Crater Lake National Park. Lawrence, Kansas, 1952.

Gaston, Joseph. The Centennial History of Oregon: 1811-1912. 4 vols. Chicago, 1912.

Hays, Samuel P. Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920. Cambridge, 1959.

Hibbard, Benjamin H. A History of Public Land Policies. New York, 1924.

Hines, H.K. An Illustrated History of the State of Oregon. Chicago, 1893.

Ise, John. Our National Park Policy: A Critical History. Baltimore, 1961.

James, Harlean. Romance of the National Parks. New York, 1939.

Kirk, Ruth. Exploring Crater Lake Country. Seattle, 1975.

Lapham, Stanton C. The Enchanted Lake: Mount Mazama and Crater Lake in Story, History and Legend. Portland, 1931.

Morris, Richard B. ed. Encyclopedia of American History: Bicentennial Edition. New York, 1976.

Pinchot, Gifford. Breaking New Ground. New York, 1947.

Place, Howard and Marian. The Story of Crater Lake National Park. Caldwell, Idaho, 1974.

Reik, Henry O. A Tour of America’s National Parks. New York, 1920.

Ruhle, George C Along Crater Lake Highways: A Road Guide to Crater Lake National Park. 1953.

Runte, Alfred. National Parks: The American Experience. Lincoln, 1979.

Schaffer, Jeffrey P. Crater Lake National Park and Vicinity. Berkeley, 1983.

Sharpe, Grant and Wenomah. 101 Wildflowers of Crater Lake National Park. Seattle, 1959.

Southern Oregon Library Federation. comp. A Guide to the State of Jefferson. Portland, 1972.

Steel, William G. Steel Points. January, April, July, 1907; July, August, 1925; and May 1927.

_______. The Mountains of Oregon. Portland, 1890.

Van Hise, Charles R., and Havemeyer, Loomis. eds. Conservation of Our Natural Resources. New York, 1933.

Warfield, Ronald J., Juillerat, Lee, and Smith, Larry Crater Lake: The Story Behind the Scenery. Las Vegas, 1982.

Williams, Howel. Crater Lake: The Story of Its Origin. Berkeley, 1941.

Writers’ Program of the Works Projects Administration. Oregon: End of the Trail. Portland, 1940.

Yard, Robert Sterling. The Book of the National Parks. New York, 1919.

Yocum, Charles F. Shrubs of Crater Lake National Park. San Francisco, 1964.

The books that were most useful for this study were those by Albright, Diller, Ise, Kirk, Lapham, Place, Ruhle, and Steel.

PUBLISHED WORKS: Periodicals

“A Forest Policy In Suspense.” Atlantic Monthly, LXXX (August, 1897), 268-71.

Allen, A. Cooper. “The Guardian of Crater Lake.” Sunset, LVI (May, 1926), 51-52.

Applegate, Elmer I. “Plants of Crater Lake National Park.” American Midland Naturalist, XXII (September, 1939), 225-314.

Atwood, Wallace W. “The Glacial History of An Extinct Volcano: Crater Lake National Park.” Journal of Geology, XLIII (February-March, 1935), 142-68.

Batchelor, Nora. “Crater Lake National Park.” Overland, XLI (May, 1903), 334-38.

Briggs, Lyman J. “When Mt. Mazama Lost Its Top.” National Geographic, CXXII (July, 1962), 128-33.

Canfield, David H. “Building the Rim Road at Crater Lake.” Earth Mover, XXIII (April, 1936), 7-10.

Cook, Truman B. “Crater Lake, 1915.” Oregon Historical Quarterly, LXXXI (Spring, 1980), 43-56.

Craine, Kimber. “Decaying Crater Lake Lodge Sparks Restoration Battle.” National Parks, LVIII (November-December, 1984), 34.

Cranson, K.R. “Crater Lake National Park.” National Parks and Conservation Magazine, XLVI (January, 1972), 10-13.

“Crater Lake.” Ladd and Bush Quarterly, II (December, 1914), 11-13.

“Crater Lake Holiday.” Sunset, CXVI (March, 1956), 43-44.

“Crater Lake Is A Spring Surprise.” Sunset, CXXX (May, 1963), 82.

“Crater Lake Volcano Is Not Dangerous.” Science News Letter, XLIX (February 23, 1946), 120.

Daniels, Mark. “Crater Lake National Park.” American Forests, XXII (October, 1916), 586-92.

Diller, J.S. “Crater Lake, Oregon.” American Journal of Science, III (March, 1897), 164-72.

“The Wreck of Mt. Mazama.” Science, February 7, 1902, 203-11 .

Drury, Aubrey. “Crater Lake National Park.” Sunset, XXXVIII (April, 1917), 92.

Dutton, C.E. “Crater Lake, Oregon: A Proposed National Reservation.” Science, VII (February 26, 1886), 179-82.

Edwards, Walter Meayers. “Crater Lake Summer.” National Geographic, CXXII (July, 1962), 134-48.

Evans, Samuel M. “Forty Gallons of Gasoline to Forty Miles of Water.” Sunset, XXVII (October, 1911), 393-99.

Flink, Andrew. “California’s Crater Lake.” Desert Magazine, XXXI (September, 1968), 6-7.

Forney, Josephine H. “The Lure of Crater Lake.” Union Pacific Magazine, IV (June, 1925), 3, 31-32.

“Geothermal Testing Set for Crater Lake Area.” National Parks, LIX (March-April, 1985), 39.

Gorman, M.W. “The Discovery and Early History of Crater Lake.” Mazama, I (1897), 150-61.

Hodgson, Caspar W. “Crater Lake By Night and Day.” Sunset, IX (May, 1902), 68-73.

H.R.M. “Crater Lake, Oregon.” Nature, LVII (February 17, 1898), 375-76 .

Kirkman, George W. “Crater Lake.” Harper’s Weekly, XL (September 19, 1896), 932.

Laing, Hamilton M. “Barking Betsy and the Chilled Volcano: A Motorcycle at Crater Lake in the Land of the Sky Blue Water.” Sunset, XLI (August, 1918), 24-27.

MacDaniels, E.H. “Twenty-Five National Forests of North Pacific Region.” Oregon Historical Quarterly, XLII (September, 1941), 247-55 .

Merriam, John C. “Crater Lake: A Study in Appreciation of Nature.” American Magazine of Art, August, 1933.

Miller, Joaquin. “The Sea of Silence.” Sunset, XIII (September, 1904), 394-401 .

“Minutes of the Annual Meeting.” Ohio Historical Quarterly, LXII (December, 1961), 417-21.

________. Ohio Historical Quarterly, LXIV (December, 1963), 358-62.

Muir, John. “The American Forests.” Atlantic Monthly, LXXX (August, 1897), 145-57.

________. “The National Parks and Forest Reservations.” Harpers Weekly, XLI (June 5, 1897), 563, 566-67.

_______ .”The Wild Parks and Forest Reservations of the West.” Atlantic Monthly, LXXXI (January, 1898), 15-28.

“National Parks.” Sierra Club Bulletin, IX (June, 1915), 316-21.

Neuberger, Linda and Roy. “Life As A Fire Lookout in Crater Lake National Park.”National Parks Magazine, XXXIX (August, 1965), 16, 18-19.

“News and Comment.” Oregon Historical Quarterly, XXXI (September, 1930), 305-14.

Payne, Doris. “Human Values In Nature As Represented at Crater Lake.” Living Wilderness, October, 1943, 15-20.

Pettit, Edison. “On the Color of Crater Lake Water.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, XXII (1936), 139-46.

________ “Why Is Crater Lake So Blue?” Carnegie Institution of Washington, News Service Bulletin, School Edition, IV (1938), 39-44.

“Reader’s Choice.” Travel, C (July, 1953), 41.

Rostel, Ernest A. “Crater Lake–An Epic in Volcanology.” Natural History, XXXIII (January-February, 1933), 71-74.

“Scenic Volcano.” Time, XLVI (November 12, 1945), 52.

Schmeckebier, L.F. “Our National Parks.” National Geographic, XXIII (June-1912), 541-79.

Shepard, Paul, Jr. “Watching Wildlife at Crater Lake.” Audubon Magazine, LIV (November-December, 1952), 383-87, 393.

“Side Trips Around Crater Lake.” Sunset, CXLIII (August, 1969), 36-37.

Smith, Warren D. , and Swartzlow, Carl R. “Mount Mazama: Explosion versus Collapse.”Bulletin of Geological Society of America, XLVII (December, 1936).

Sparrow, Alex. “Crater Lake National Park.” American Forestry, XXVIII (July, 1922), 411-12.

Steel, W.G. “Crater Lake.” Kane’s Illustrated West, I (September, 1886), 24.

Teiser, Ruth, and Harroun, Catherine. “First Crater Lake Photograph.” National Parks Magazine, XXXVI (September, 1962), 14-15.

“The Editorial.” Table Rock Sentinel, V (September, 1984), 14-19.

“The Fletcher Linn Diary: Crater Lake Trip, August, 1889.” Table Rock Sentinel, IV (July, 1984), 6-14.

“The Sinnott Memorial In the Crater Lake National Park.” Science, LXXIII (April 10, 1931), 384-85.

Twight, Susanne. “Two Seasons at Crater Lake.” National Parks Magazine, XXXVII (August, 1963), 15.

Wells, Gail. “Jewel In the Rough.” Oregon Magazine, December 1986-January 1987, 72-73.

Wilbur, Earl Morse. “Crater Lake, Oregon.” Scientific American, LXXV (December 5, 1896).

“Description of Crater Lake.” Mazama, I (1897), 138-50.

Williams, Howel. “The Floor of Crater Lake, Oregon.” American Journal of Science, CCLIX (February, 1961), 81-83.

Wilson, Owen. “A Playground On a Crater’s Edge.” World’s Work, XVI (May, 1908), 10, 250-61.

Wynd, F. Lyle. “The Floral Wealth of Crater Lake.” Natural History, June, 1937, 420-27.

“$2 Million Expansion To Add Facilities At Crater Lake National Park Complex.” Grow With Oregon, February, 1968, 2.

The periodical articles most helpful for this study were those by Canfield, Daniels, Diller, Drury, Dutton, Gorman, MacDaniels, Merriam, Muir, Sparrow, Steel, and Wilbur.

PUBLISHED WORKS: Government Publications

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, July, 1897. Washington, 1897.

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Washington, 1936.

Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers, 1919, Extract, Crater Lake National Park. Washington, 1919.

Annual Reports of the Crater Lake National Park – Rules and Regulations. Vol. I. 1902-1911.

Annual Report of the Director of the National Park Service, 1917-63. [1917-32 separately published; 1933-63–published in Annual Reports of the Secretary of the Interior].

Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1892-1963.

General Services Administration. National Archives and Records Service. Preliminary Inventories, Number 166, Records of the National Park Service, comp. by Edward E. Hill. 1966.

Laws and Regulations Relating to the Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. Washington, 1908.

Laws of Oregon, 1893, 1895, 1920.

Report on Wind Cave, Crater Lake, Sullys Hill, and Platt National Parks and Casa Grande Ruin, 1909. Washington, 1909.

Report on Wind Cave, Crater Lake, Sullys Hill, and Platt National Parks and Casa Grande Ruin and Minnesota National Forest Reserve, 1908. Washington, 1909.

Report on Wind Cave, Crater Lake, Sullys Hill, Platt, and Mesa Verde National Parks, and Casa Grande Ruin, 1907. Washington, 1908.

Rules and Regulations Governing Forest Reserves Established Under Section 24 of the Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stats. 1085). Washington, 1897.

U.S. Congress. Congressional Record, 1901, 1902, 1932, 1967, 1975, 1981.

________. Senate. Committee on Forest Reservations. Forest Policy for the Forested Lands of the United States: Message from the President of the United States. 55th Cong., 1st Sess., 1897, S. Doc. 105.

________. ________. ________. Report on the Survey and Examination of Forest Reserves (March 1898). 55th Cong., 2nd Sess., 1898, S. Doc. 189.

________. ________. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Closure of Crater Lake National Park: Report of Senator Mark O. Hatfield, January, 1976. Washington, 1976.

_______. _______ . _______. Crater Lake National Park: Hearing Before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, First Session, on Oversight to Clarify Circumstances Which Led to Closure of Crater Lake National Park, Medford, Oreg., September 6, 1975. Washington, 1975.

U.S. Department of the Interior. Crater Lake National Park. [Washington, 1918].

________. Geological History of Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park. Washington, 1912.

_______. Proceedings of the National Park Conferences, 1911, 1912, 1915, 1917.

_______. The Crater Lake National Park, Season of 1916. Washington, 1916.

________. National Park Service. Centennial Edition: National Park Service Officials, March 1, 1972.

________. ________. Circular of General Information Regarding Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, 1930, in Circulars of General Information, The National Parks, 1930.

_______. _______. Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, [1935], in Circulars of General Information , The National Parks, 1935.

_______. _______. Crater Lake National Park [Oregon], [1937], in Circulars of General Information, The National Parks, 1937.

________. ________. Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, 1940, in Circulars of General Information, The National Parks, 1940.

_______. _______. Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. [Washington, 1941].

________. ________. Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. Washington, 1957.

_______. _______. Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. Washington, 1965.

________. ________. General Information Regarding Crater Lake National Park, Season of 1918. Washington, 1918.

________. ________. General Information Regarding Crater Lake National Park, 1919. Washington, 1919.

________. ________ . Laws Relating to the National Park Service, The National Parks and Monuments, 1933. Washington, 1933.

________. ________. Laws Relating to the National Park Service, The National Parks and Monuments, 1938. Washington, 1938.

________. ________. Park and Recreation Structures, Part I– Administration and Basic Service Facilities; Part II–Recreational and Cultural Facilities; Part III– Overnight and Organized Camp Facilities, by Albert H. Good. 1938.

________. ________. Regulations Governing Crater Lake National Park [In effect May 1, 1917]. Washington, 1917.

________. ________. Rules and Regulations, Crater Lake National Park, 1921. Washington, 1921.

_______. _______. Rules and Regulations: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. Washington, 1925.

________. ________. Rules and Regulations, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. [Washington, 1921].

________. ________. The National Parks Portfolio, by Robert Sterling Yard. Washington, 1917.

________ . ________. The National Parks Portfolio, by Robert Sterling Yard. Washington, 1931.

_______. _______. Vacation Survey: Rogue River Basin, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon Caves National Monument. 1950.

________. Office of the Secretary. Forests of Crater Lake National Park. Washington, 1916.

________. ________. General Information Regarding Crater Lake National Park, Season of 1912. Washington, 1912.

________. ________. General Information Regarding Crater Lake National Park, Season of 1913. Washington, 1913.

________. ________. General Information Regarding Crater Lake National Park, Season of 1914. Washington, 1914.

________. ________. The Crater Lake National Park, Season of 1915. Washington, 1915.

Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1898. Washington, 1899.

Virtually all of these government publications were useful in the preparation of this study. These sources constituted the bulk of relevant published materials for the report.

THESES AND DISSERTATIONS

Lidstrom, John Walter, Jr. “A New Model for the Formation of Crater Lake Caldera, Oregon.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Oregon State University, 1972. (Copy on file in William Jasper Kerr Library, Oregon State University, Corvallis).

Mueller, Elizabeth Laura. “Introduction to the Ecology of the Pumice Desert, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon.” Unpublished M.S. thesis, Purdue University, 1966. (Copy on file in Oregon Collection, Main Library, University of Oregon, Eugene.)

Nelson, Carlton H. “Geological Limnology of Crater Lake, Oregon.” Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Minnesota, 1961. (Copy on file in William Jasper Kerr Library, Oregon State University, Corvallis).

Seyer, Susan Cornelia. “Vegetative Ecology of a Montane Mire, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon.” Unpublished M.S. thesis, Oregon State University, 1980. (Copy on file in William Jasper Kerr Library, Oregon State University, Corvallis.)

Wallis, Orthello Langworthy. “Trout Studies and a Stream Survey of Crater Lake National Park, Oregon.” Unpublished M.S. thesis, Oregon State University, 1948. (Copy on file in William Jasper Kerr Library, Oregon State University, Corvallis).

These studies are a sampling of the various academic research studies that have been prepared on Crater Lake, most of which are concerned with scientific questions and natural resources of the area.

TECHNICAL REPORTS

“Archeological Surveys of Crater Lake National Park and Oregon Caves National Monument, Oregon,” by Wilbur A. Davis, (Report on an archaeological project carried out under terms of a Memorandum of Agreement, Crater Lake National Park – FY 1963, Contract No. 14-10-0434-900, between the University of Oregon and the United States National Park Service). [Copy on file in Library Collection, Crater Lake National Park]

Crater Lake Limnological Program, 1984 Annual Report, by Gary L. Larson, Cooperative Park Studies Unit, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, in collaboration with Jon Jarvis and Jerry McCrea, Crater Lake National Park, National Park Service, Crater Lake, Oregon.

Crater Lake Limnological Studies, 1985 Annual Report, by Gary L. Larson, Cooperative Park Studies Unit, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, in collaboration with Jon Jarvis and Jerry McCrea, Crater Lake National Park, National Park Service, Crater Lake, Oregon.

Crater Lake National Park. Natural and Cultural Resource Management Plan and Environmental Assessment, 1986.

Crater Lake National Park. “Ranger Manual, 1938,” by Ernest P. Leavitt and J. Carlisle Crouch. [Copy on file in Library Collection, Crater Lake National Park.]

_______. “Ranger-Naturalists Temporary Manual of Operation, 1934.” [Copy on file in Library Collection, Crater Lake National Park.]

________. “Red Cone District Operations Handbook,” February 17, 1967, by Larry L. Hakel. [Copy on file in Library Collection, Crater Lake National Park.]

“Final Narrative Report to Regional Landscape Architect – Region IV, Through the Superintendent, Emergency Conservation Work 7th Period, Camp NP-i, Co. 1634 (Located at Annie Spring), Crater Lake National Park by Francis G. Lange, Resident Landscape Architect, Howard W. Buford, Assistant Landscape Architect, November 1, 1936.” [Copy on file in Technical Information Center, Denver Service Center.]

“Preliminary Report on the Crater Lake Project: A Study of Appreciation of Nature Beauty Sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the University of Oregon.” Report prepared by R.W. Leighton, Executive Secretary of Research, University of Oregon, May 1, 1934. [Copy on file in Library Collection, Crater Lake National Park.]

Smith, Larry, and Smith, Lloyd. comps. The Smith Brothers’ Chronological History: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, 1832 to 1895.

U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service. A Bibliography of National Parks and Monuments West of the Mississippi River. Vol. I. 1941.

________. ________. Crater Lake National Park Collection Management Plan. [1977].

________. ________. Crater Lake National Park Resource Management Plan. April 9, 1982.

________. ________. Crater Lake National Park, Resource Management Plan and Environmental Assessment. April 9, 1984.

________. ________. Description of Wilderness Proposal for Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. February, 1969.

________. ________. Draft General Management Plan: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. July, 1977.

________. ________. Draft Visitor Use Plan, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. July, 1977.

________. ________. Environmental Assessment, Development Concept Plan, Amendment to the General Management Plan, Crater Lake National Park. February, 1984.

________. ________. Final Environmental Statement, Proposed Wilderness, Crater Lake National Park , Ore on FES 74-33. June 13, 1974.

________. ________. General Management Plan, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. December, 1977.

________. ________. Historic Resource Study: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, by Linda W. Greene. June, 1984.

________. ________. Historic Structure Report: Crater Lake National Lodge, Crater Lake National Park, Crater Lake, Oregon, by David Arbogast, Linda W. Green, Catherine H. Blee, and James M. Ellis. April, 1984.

________. ________. Historical Listing of National Park Service Officials. May 1, 1986.

________. ________. Historical Studies Plan, Crater Lake National Park, by Vernon C. Tancil. May 3, 1979.

_______. _______. Interim Development Concept Plan, Amendment to the General Management Plan, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. April, 1985.

________. ________. Interpretive Prospectus: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. May, 1972.

________. ________. Interpretive Prospectus: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. May, 1980.

________. ________. Legislative History for Crater Lake National Park, comp. by Cathleen Frank. 3 vols. April, 1986.

________. ________. National Park Service Rustic Architecture: 1916-1942, by William C. Tweed, Laura E. Soulliere, and Henry G. Law. February, 1977.

________. ________. National Register of Historic Places Inventory–Nomination Form, “Historic Resources of Crater Lake National Park,” (Draft), 1984-85.

________. ________. Resources Basic Inventory for Crater Lake National Park. July, 1974.

________. ________. Statement for Management: Crater Lake National Park. March, 1983.

________. ________. Statement for Management: Crater Lake National Park. August, 1986.

________. ________. The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Theme XX, Conservation of Natural Resources. 1963.

________. ________. Visitor Fees In the National Park System: A Legislative and Administrative History, by Barry Mackintosh, 1983.

_______. _______. Wilderness Proposal, Crater Lake National Park. October, 1970.

_______. _______. Wilderness Recommendation: Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. February, 1974.

________. ________. Wilderness Study, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. September, 1970.

The most useful technical reports for this study were those concerning park management, operations, and planning.

INTERVIEWS

Personal interview with Greg Hartnell, Crater Lake National Park, March 26, 1987.

Personal interview with Thomas, McDonough, Crater Lake National Park, March 27, 1987.

Telephone interview with Einar L. Johnson, Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area, Ohio, June 24, 1987.

Telephone interview with Ernest Borgman, Klamath Falls, Oregon, March 26, 1987.

Telephone interview with Mrs. F. Lyle Wynd, Eugene, Oregon, June 23, 1987.

Telephone interview with Guy Hartnell, Klamath Falls, Oregon, March 27, 1987.

Telephone interview with J. Leonard Volz, Fort Collins, Colorado, June 23, 1987.

Telephone interview with Jack Day, Anchorage, Alaska, March 26, 1987. Telephone interview with James Miller, Portland, Oregon, March 27, 1987.

Telephone interview with James R. Rouse, North Cascades National Park, Washington, June 24, 1987.

Telephone interview with Larry Espey, Beaverton, Oregon, March 26, 1987.

Telephone interview with Mrs. Naomi Wosky, Santa Rosa, California, June 23, 1987.

Telephone interview with Richard A., Sims, Renton, Washington, June 24, 1987.

Telephone interview with Richard 0. Varnum, Fort Klamath, Oregon, March 26, 1987.

Telephone interview with Thomas J. Adams, Klamath Falls, Oregon, March 26, 1987.

Telephone interview with William Bowen, Elizabethtown, Kentucky, June 23, 1987.

These interviews provided background information for analysis of trends in park management and operations.

REPOSITORIES CONSULTED

Berkeley, California. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Klamath Falls, Oregon. Favell Museum of Western Art and Indian Artifacts.

Roseburg, Oregon. Douglas County Museum.