39 Structures – Design Principles

The Rustic Landscape of Rim Village, 1927-1941 




Design Principles

  • Because structures are an intrusion in the natural landscape, it is highly desirable to introduce them to a site only when absolutely necessary.


  • All structures should be sited in relation to natural features in a harmonious fashion and designed to reduce the physical and visual intrusion to the natural landscape.


  • Structures introduced into the landscape should reflect the tenets of the Rustic style: structures should be subservient to the environment; proper scale and siting should be used; straight lines should be avoided; structures should blend with the landscape through planting; natural building materials and natural colors should be used.


1. Of the six primary historic buildings at Rim Village, four of them — the Crater Lake Lodge, the Kiser Studio, the Sinnott Memorial, and the Plaza Comfort Station — retain architectural integrity and contribute to the historic landscapes. All four should be preserved.

2. Although the architectural integrity of the Community House and the Cafeteria has diminished, the buildings continue to function as they did historically, and they contribute to the historic landscapes.

3. Comfort Stations Nos. 2 and 4 contribute to the historic landscape and should be evaluated to determine their overall condition and the degree to which original materials are intact. If there is a potential for adaptive reuse, they should be preserved.

4. Comfort Stations Nos. 1 and 3 in the former campground no longer retain integrity of function or design and do not contribute to the historic landscape.

5. All existing secondary and service-related structures should be evaluated in the context of the new design to determine appropriate locations, forms, and materials.

6. The rehabilitation of Crater Lake Lodge is being addressed in other documents. However, structural elements associated with the lodge — the north terrace, planting beds, the south plaza, all walks and service areas — should be considered as design components of the historic landscapes. Specific recommendations for each follow.

a. The North Terrace

The terrace was an integral part of the lodge after 1929, and should be rebuilt in conjunction with the rehabilitation of the lodge. Because this structure was historically part of the lodge (rather than the public promenade) all materials used in the rehabilitation should be similar to those used in the lodges. Views and vistas from the terrace should be retained. A physical connection between the terrace and the promenade (ramps and stairs) should be incorporated into any new design, however, a clear delineation should be maintained between the two functions.